Principles of the Procedure
This procedure is done to gain tissue from the prostate, usually for investigation of an elevated PSA blood test. The prostate biopsies are performed via the perineum (the skin behind the scrotum). An ultrasound is placed in the rectum to visualise the prostate and, under ultrasound guidance, a number of needle biopsies are taken. This is performed under anaesthetic, so you will have no recollection of the event.
You will be admitted on the day of the procedure. No specific preparation is needed apart from fasting from about 6 hours prior to the surgery. An antibiotic course is commonly prescribed, usually commencing the morning of the biopsy. You should continue to take your usual medications unless directed otherwise by your Urologist or his anaesthetist.
Expected Post-Operative Recovery
You will be able to go home on the same day of the procedure, though you will need to have someone transport you home. You will be given a prescription usually for a 3 day oral antibiotics starting the morning of the procedure to reduce the risk of infection. It is important to complete this course even if you have no symptoms. You will see some blood spotting from the perineum after the procedure which settles. Passing blood in your urine, ejaculate or bowel motions in the days following the procedure is a common event, and should be expected. This usually settles (if it occurs) within a few days.